2.5.16. Care of the car and operation in the conditions of winter
In order to avoid freezing of locks from time to time закачивайте in keyholes special anti-icer or glycerine. If to avoid freezing it was not possible, heat up a key before its introduction in a keyhole.
With approach of a cold season when the air temperature can fall more low 0°С, it is necessary to fill system of cooling of the engine with antifreeze on a basis этиленгликоля, — see the Head of System of cooling and heating more in detail.
Plums of water from cooling system
At refusal of car operation in a winter season in cooling system it is necessary or to fill antifreeze, or completely to remove from охладительного a path water, — drain gates are located under a radiator and on the engine block. Before to start operation of the car do not forget to fill cooling system (Routine maintenance see the Head).
Care of the storage battery
At insufficient level of a charge of the storage battery in frosty weather there is a risk of freezing of electrolit. Regularly check a condition and level of a charge of the battery, in case of need make its service and additional charge, — the Head Routine maintenance more in detail see.
Wheels and tyres
As a spare wheel use only the wheels recommended in quality запаски for all-wheel drive models.
The structure of a protector of tyres of a summer design urged to provide optimum coupling with a dry road covering, however with occurrence наледи and snow efficiency of functioning of such tyres appreciably decreases.
With approach of a winter season it is necessary to establish on wheels all-weather (ALL SEASONS) tyres, or tyres of type MUD and SNOW (a dirt and snow). On all four wheels of the all-wheel drive car winter tyres of an identical standard size should be established.
Additional strengthening of quality of coupling with an ice-covered covering provide шипованные tyres which however are forbidden to use by the legislation of some countries and separate regions.
At movement on the dry or humidified firm road covering шипованные tyres provide much worst coupling with road, than нешипованные.
In need of overcoming of mountain barriers in a winter season there can be a necessity for application of wheel chains, — before the trip beginning make sure that chains on the типоразмерным to characteristics answer a design of the wheels established on your car.
Chains should be put on only back wheels!
Use only the chains, approved associations of engineers of motor industry (SAE). At installation of chains strictly adhere to the instruction of manufacturers, in case of need apply special натяжители. Free trailer links of a chain should be properly fixed or removed in order to avoid damage of wings, wheel arches and the car bottom. Whenever possible try not to overload the car, move with small speed.
At departure on road with a normal covering remove chains.
Use of road chains is forbidden by the legislation of some countries and separate regions.
The special winter equipment
With approach of a winter season constantly hold in the car such necessary adaptations, as:
- Scraper and rigid brush for removal of snow and наледи from glasses and screen wipers;
- Strong flat board for подкладывание under a jack heel;
- Shovel for clearing of snowdrifts and snow drifts;
- Stock of a cold-resistant liquid for washing of glasses.
- Damp ice (at temperature nearby 0°С), strongly cooled snow and ice promote considerable deterioration of coupling of wheels with a road covering. At movement in similar conditions observe extra care, avoid sharp accelerations and braking. Whenever possible try to leave from garage only after the road will be processed by ice or присыпана sand!
- Remember that sharp acceleration and braking by the engine can lead to loss of coupling of wheels with road!
- Watch observance of a safe distance to ahead going participants of traffic, — remember that in a winter season the length of a brake way an essential measure increases!
- Try to snatch out beforehand a sight sites of a local icing of a road covering. In advance brake at approach to snow-covered sites. At movement on ice avoid braking and sharp maneuvering!
- Remember that темпостат it is not intended for use at movement on roads with a slippery covering!
The device of preliminary warming up of the engine (if it is established)
The device is intended for preliminary warming up of the engine for the purpose of simplification of its start in very frosty weather. Consultation on the equipment of the car the such adaptation always can be received on firm car repair shops Infiniti.
The device of preliminary warming up of the engine should be connected only to equipped with the grounding tyre to electric chains. In case of application of transitive adapters, the last also should be equipped by the grounding plug!