2.5.15. Councils about driving in various conditions
Before a start of motion be convinced that the lay brake is completely released, — the corresponding control lamp should be disconnected!
During movement do not hold a foot on a brake pedal, is can lead to a dangerous overheat and premature deterioration of components of brake mechanisms.
At movement downwards on a long or abrupt slope brake, the engine on a hill-climbing gear, — long use of brakes can lead to their dangerous overheat.
Be careful at dispersal or braking on slippery road, — the slightest error can lead to drift of the car and control loss over management of a vehicle.
Dump speed at a strong head wind.
Do not forget that the sink of the car or overcoming of water obstacles can lead to humidifying of components of brake mechanisms. Before to continue a trip dry brakes by several consecutive braking of the car.
Reduce speed at arrivals on borders and other obstacles.
At a car parking on a slope develop forward wheels so that in default brakes they rested against a border. Do not forget to cock a lay brake and to translate АТ in position «Р» (in case of Manual transmission it is necessary to choose back or first transfer). In case of need enclose under wheels противооткатные boots, or any suitable emphasis.
As on models considered in the present Management the interaxal differential is not provided, it is not necessary to use an all-wheel drive mode (4WD) at movement on roads with a dry and firm covering as it is fraught with increase of a noise background and premature deterioration of protectors and components трансмиссионной lines. It is not necessary to lose sight of the factor of economy of fuel also.
Avoid use of a lay brake in frosty weather, — обмерзание elements тросового a drive can lead to impossibility release колодок. On models with АТ translate transmission in position «Р», in case of Manual transmission include the first, or a reverse gear. In case of need prop up wheels противооткатными boots.
In cold weather on the first kilometres of a trip it is necessary to warm up the main transfer of the back bridge, moving to an all-wheel drive mode.
Councils about driving in cross-country conditions
Always aspire to observe recommended safety measures for the purpose of minimisation of risk of hit in an emergency.
In cross-country conditions always drive the car with limiting care. Avoid unjustified risk.
At movement in cross-country conditions strongly keeping a steering wheel, both hands covering it for a rim (not for spokes), thumbs of hands should be held from lateral aspect of a rim in order to avoid their reversing at jerks.
Having finished movement on water, sand or to a dirt, necessarily check up efficiency of functioning of brakes, examine the car bottom on presence of the stuck strangers of subjects.
Always during movement of the car seat belts of the driver and all passengers should be fastened.
Before to start overcoming of a water barrier necessarily measure depth of water and bottom density on a site of a prospective crossing. Move slowly, avoiding hit in deep holes. Watch, that water did not get to the engine and other units of the car. Water hit in an air inlet is fraught with serious internal damages of the engine. Remember that washing away консистентной greasings from wheel bearings, is fraught with their premature exit out of operation as a result of corrosion development. Water hit in differentials, a transmission and a distributing box is inadmissible also.
Sand and the dirt accumulating on brake mechanisms, can be at the bottom of decrease in efficiency of braking and damage of components of brake system.
After each day of driving on impassability, make careful survey of the basic components of the car.
Features of driving in adverse weather conditions
Lower speed and move more slowly, than usually in normal weather conditions on a dry road covering. Remember that reactions of the car to management will be more languid and slowed down even if the road covering looks only slightly damp. Try to influence all controls of the car smoothly. On a wet and slippery road covering sharp jerk of a steering wheel or careless squeezing of a brake pedal can lead to control loss over management. In the trip beginning, still completely without having adapted for adverse weather conditions, show the raised care. This rule is especially useful for observing at movement during a snowfall. It is necessary to remember that at car operation in a warm season many useful skills of driving of the car on a slippery road covering are forgotten that demands some time for their restoration.
Extra care show, operating the car during a rain as absence of practice during the dry period does not allow to be reconstructed and adapt a bridle manner for new conditions quickly.
After the long dry period the first rains do a road covering especially slippery.
For safety of traffic in any weather conditions it is very important to have the good review in all directions. It is not necessary to forget to take care also that your car remained to well appreciable drivers of other vehicles, — remember that at movement on трасе passing light inclusion never will prevent even in the daytime. These requirements are more difficult for executing in adverse weather conditions.
Regularly check a condition of brushes of screen wipers and snuffled windscreen washers. Constantly support demanded level of a liquid in the tank of a washing liquid. Use for refuelling of system of washing of glasses only the liquids, recommended marks. Watch a condition of working elements of screen wipers, make their replacement as soon as brushes cease to clear glass properly. For prevention of condensation of a moisture on an internal surface of glasses use having blown in glasses air, in case of need include air conditioner.
Extra care and attention are required from the driver at fulfilment of overtakings. Equally it is necessary to observe attentiveness, at overtaking of your car by other vehicles. Splashes of water and a dirt from under wheels of an overtaken lorry can sharply worsen visibility through a windscreen.
Coupling of tyres with a road covering
Regularly supervise pressure of air in tyres and degree of a deterioration of protectors of tyres (depth of a pattern). Both these of the factor are extremely important from the point of view of good coupling of tyres with a road covering and prevention of the phenomenon of hydroplaning, that is sharp reduction of coupling with road at entrance to pools. For maintenance of the best controllability with the car and traffic safety at approach of a winter season use шипованную rubber.
During movement constantly observe of changes of road conditions which frequently appear very astable. Presence on road of wet foliage can be not dangerous, than a glaze ice. Often in appearance the pure and dry road covering can обледеневать separate sites. Especially dangerous conditions develop at air temperatures nearby 0°С when pools can alternate with наледью that does behaviour of the car especially unpredictable.
Be cautious at switching of an automatic transmission in the lowered range. On a slippery covering sharp inclusion of a hill-climbing gear can lead to short-term proslipping of driving wheels and car drift
The impulse of a lateral wind during fulfilment of overtaking of the truck or the bus is dangerous control loss over management.