Service Infiniti QX4 since 1996 of release
1. Introduction
2. The maintenance instruction
2.1. Access, protection
2.2. Elements of systems of safety
2.3. The car equipment, an arrangement of devices and controls
2.3.1. The panel of devices - the general information
2.3.2. A combination of devices
2.3.3. The display of a conclusion of compass readings and the gauge of temperature of external air
2.3.4. Controls and the salon equipment
2.4. Comfort
2.5. Operation receptions
2.6. A mode of operation in emergencies
3. Routine maintenance
4. The engine
5. Cooling and heating systems
6. Power supply systems and managements
7. Start and charge systems
8. A transmissionnaja line
9. Brake system
10. A suspension bracket and a steering
11. A body
12. An electric equipment
 






Spt 210

Hyvst spt 210 .

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2-3-2-kombinaciya-priborov.html

2.3.2. A combination of devices

The complete set of the basic measuring instruments, control lamps and light indicators is included in a combination of devices of an instrument guard of the car.


The scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices


Measuring instruments


Speedometer, одометр and run measuring instruments

The speedometer is located on the right in the central part of an instrument guard (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration) and specifies speed of movement of the car in miles at an o'clock (the basic scale) and kilometres per hour (an additional scale, below an axis of a display arrow, under control lamp SRS AIR BAG the three-functional digital display одометра, and two independent measuring instruments of run is located.

The three-functional digital display odometra/measuring instruments of kilometric area of current run is activated at ignition inclusion (a key will turn in position ON). In a mode одометра on the display screen the information on full run of a vehicle is deduced from the moment of the beginning of its operation. Measuring instruments of run And and In allow to make two independent measurements. The choice of a mode of functioning of the display is made by means of the speedometer of the press switch located on the right under a dial, — in the right bottom display space the corresponding explanatory inscription is highlighted. Switching is made in a following order: ODO — TRIP A — TRIP B — ODO. For dump of indications of the display it is necessary to keep the button of the switch in any of modes pressed during more than 1 second.


Tachometre

More to the right of a speedometer in the central part of an instrument guard the index of turns of the engine, — a tachometre (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration) is located. The arrow of a measuring instrument shows to the driver frequency of rotation of a cranked shaft of the engine in thousand turns a minute. Try not to suppose hit of an arrow of a measuring instrument in limits of the range of a scale of a measuring instrument allocated with red colour, — at dangerous increase in turns be switched to higher transfer.


Measuring instrument of temperature of a cooling liquid

The measuring instrument is located the right bottom corner of an instrument guard (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration) and registers temperature of a cooling liquid of the engine. Measuring instrument indications can vary depending on an ambient temperature and driving conditions. At an exit of an arrow of the device for limits of a range of admissible values of a scale, it is necessary to stop immediately movement and to allow to the engine to cool down. Long operation перегретого the engine can lead to its exit out of operation.


Measuring instrument of a stock of fuel

The measuring instrument of the expense of fuel is located in the left bottom corner of an instrument guard (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration) and shows approximately fuel level in a tank. At braking, accelerations, fulfilment of maneuvers and car movement on an inclined plane of the indication of a measuring instrument can vary slightly. The scheme of connection of a measuring instrument is that that it continues to give out working value even at the switched off ignition (a key in position OFF). At lowering of level of fuel in a tank to critical value the control lamp works built in in a measuring instrument dial. Try not to suppose full development of fuel being in a tank, — in due time make car refuelling.


Movement with very low level of fuel in a tank can lead to operation of a control lamp of refusals (MIL) (see more low). At pass of small distance after refuelling the control lamp should go out! If the lamp continues to burn, the car should be driven away on a car repair shop for carrying out of diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair.


Control lamps and alarm buzzers


Designations of control lamps and light indicators

The whole complex of control lamps with which help the driver receives the important information on serviceability / infringement functioning of the basic units and car systems is built in assemblage of a combination of devices of the car. The full list used on models of control lamps considered in the present Management and light indicators is resulted in the table (see above). More low the information on a principle of functioning of each of the provided light indicators separately is offered to attention of the reader.


Check of serviceability of lamps

Cock a lay brake and include ignition (the engine do not start), — on an instrument guard control lamps of pressure of oil, a charge, brake system and temperature ATF, a control lamp of engine failures (MIL), and also the alarm indicator of an all-wheel drive mode should light up.

Besides should join quickly and soon go out control lamps SRS, ABS, deenergizings of mode O/D, inclusions of an all-wheel drive mode, engine failures and mode inclusion 4LO a distributing box, and also (at a corresponding complete set) light indicators of modes коммуникатора Infiniti.

If any of the listed lamps does not work, hence, it has failed, or there was a breakage in a chain of its electroconducting. Try to reveal and eliminate a cause of a failure.


Control lamp ABS

The given control lamp lights up approximately for some seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, or right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a contour of system of antiblocking of brakes.

Refusal of deenergizing of a lamp, no less than its operation in any other situations testifies to revealing by system of self-diagnostics of infringements in contour ABS. The car should be driven away immediately on the nearest car repair shop for carrying out of detailed diagnostics of system and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

At operation of a control lamp the system of antiblocking of brakes is disconnected, however brake mechanisms of the car continue to function in a usual mode, providing a vehicle adequate braking.


Control lamp of temperature ATF

The given control lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

Operation of a lamp during movement testifies to a dangerous overheat трансмиссионной liquids and necessities of immediate decrease in speed of movement (without infringement ПДД).

Long operation of a vehicle with the included control lamp is fraught with failure of automatic transmission!


The alarm indicator of refusal of inclusion of parking function АТ

Activation of the given control lamp warns the driver that there was no inclusion of parking function of automatic transmission.

If the distributing box is not fixed in one of working positions while translating selector AT lever in position Р, blocking of wheels does not occur.

The control lamp can light up at ignition inclusion (a key in position ON) if АТ it is translated in position Р at a finding of the switch of modes of functioning of a distributing box (4WD) in position, intermediate between 4Н and 4L. Translate the switch 4WD in any of working positions (2Н, AUTO, 4Н or 4LO) and make sure of operation of a control lamp of inclusion of an all-wheel drive mode (4WD).

Before a car parking watch, that the lever the selector / the switch of modes of a distributing box was in position Н or 4LO, or that the control lamp of activation of an all-wheel drive mode (4WD) has been included. Do not forget to cock a lay brake!
Operation of alarm indicator ATR testifies to refusal of inclusion of parking function АТ and a finding of a distributing box in neutral position!
Refusal of switching of a distributing box in position 2Н, AUTO, 4Н or 4LO can result spontaneous скатыванию the parked car!


Control lamp of level of a brake liquid / of raising of a lay brake

The given control lamp continuously burns at raising of a lay brake, reminding the driver of its necessity release before a start of motion.

Movement with the cocked lay brake leads to a fast overheat and failure of brake mechanisms of back wheels of the car and premature deterioration of protectors of tyres of back wheels, and, besides, can become a cause of infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of antiblocking of brakes (ABS).

One of the possible reasons of gradual decrease in level of a brake liquid is normal deterioration of frictional overlays brake колодок. At operation of a control lamp the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for a condition estimation колодок and checks of tightness of a hydraulic path of brake system.

Operation of a control lamp occurs also at ignition inclusion, even at the released lay brake.

Movement with the included control lamp dangerously! First of all make sure that the lay brake is released.


Control lamp of a charge of the storage battery

The given control lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a chain of a charge.

Operation of a control lamp at the working engine warns the driver about infringement of serviceability of functioning of system of a charge (i.e., the storage battery starts to be discharged). It is necessary to switch off at once all consumers of the electric power on which functioning safety of traffic does not depend, and to try not to admit останова the engine as attempt of its restart can lead to the definitive category of the battery. First of all check up a condition приводного a generator belt. In case of need drive away the car on the nearest car repair shop for carrying out of diagnostics of refusal and performance of necessary regenerative repair.


Control lamp of leaky closing of doors

The luminescence of the given control lamp at the included ignition warns the driver what not all doors of the car are densely slammed.


Control lamp of pressure of impellent oil

The control lamp of pressure of impellent oil lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The lamp blinking at the working engine testifies about пульсационном decrease in working pressure of engine oil in the engine. Indicator transition in a mode of a constant luminescence says that pressure of oil has fallen to dangerously low level that is fraught with serious internal damages of the engine, up to its full exit out of operation. In both cases it is necessary to take urgent measures on updating of level of oil, revealing and elimination of the reasons of pressure drop.

Movement continuation at the worked control lamp of pressure of oil is fraught with the most serious consequences, up to engine jamming!


Control lamp of an all-wheel drive mode

The detailed statement of modes of functioning of a control lamp 4WD — see Use of an all-wheel drive mode.


The given control lamp is built in a tachometre (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration), lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

Operation of the indicator during movement (both in continuous, and in a flashing mode) testifies to infringement of serviceability of functioning of corresponding system (operation Receptions see), — drive away the car on a car repair shop.

Avoid movement on roads with a firm dry covering at the included modes 4Н or 4LO a distributing box, — if the light indicator 4WD works at included mode AUTO or 4Н, translate the switch 4WD in position 2WD; at movement in a mode 4LO it is necessary to stop, translate АТ in position N and only after that to include a mode 2WD. If after the made manipulations the alarm indicator continues to burn, the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for carrying out of detailed diagnostics of corresponding knots and performance of necessary regenerative repair!


Control lamp of level of a liquid of washing of glasses

At operation of the given control lamp it is necessary to make updating of level of a liquid in the tank of a washing liquid.


Control lamp and alarm buzzer of seat belts

The control lamp is activated at inclusion of ignition and remains included until the driver's seat belt will not be properly clasped (Elements of passive safety) see. Operation of a control lamp is accompanied by a 6-second sound signal.


Control lamp of system of additional safety SRS

The given control lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition and should die away after approximately 7 seconds, or right after realisation of start of the engine.

Refusal of a lamp of deenergizing after the specified term, or continuation of its functioning at the working engine (in a continuous or flashing mode) specifies in presence of malfunction of components of pillows of safety SRS. At a corresponding complete set operation of the given control lamp can be the malfunction certificate in contours of lateral pillows of safety, or devices automatic emergency натяжителей seat belts (Elements of passive safety see).

The car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for carrying out of full diagnostics SRS and performance of corresponding regenerative repair in any of listed below situations:

  • Control lamp AIR BAG is not disconnected on the expiration stipulated above term (7 seconds) after ignition inclusion, or continues to burn (in a continuous or flashing mode) at the working engine;
  • The control lamp is not activated at all at ignition inclusion;
  • The control lamp works (in a continuous or flashing mode) during car movement.

Safety pillows (face-to-face and lateral) at the activated control lamp can not work at emergency collision of the car!


Control lamp темпостата

At a corresponding complete set of the car the given control lamp lights up at inclusion of system of automatic control by speed of movement of the car (темпостата) (Instructions for use a control system of the speed (темпостатом see)).


The light indicator of modes of a distributing box

The detailed statement of modes of functioning of the light indicator 4WD — see Use of an all-wheel drive mode.


The indicator is built in a tachometre (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration), quickly lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

At the working engine the indicator serves for the control of a choice of modes of a full drive by means of the lever of the selector of a distributing box / of the switch of modes of a distributing box 4WD.

At switching of modes of a distributing box the control lamp 4WD can work in a flashing mode.


Control lamp of a reserve of fuel

The given control lamp is activated, when in a fuel tank there are less than 9.0 l of fuel and warns the driver about necessity urgently to make car refuelling.


The light indicator of inclusion of a headlight

The given light indicator lights up simultaneously with inclusion of a headlight of head headlights of the car.


Control lamp of engine failures (MIL)

The control lamp lights up at inclusion of ignition and should go out right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

Its operation during any other time testifies to possible malfunction of one of systems of an electric equipment of the power unit. In the absence of visible signs of refusals of functioning of systems of the power unit and decrease in dynamics of the vehicle, lamps of infringement fixed by activation can be at the bottom of increase in the expense of fuel or increase of toxicity of emissions.

The reason of operation of lamp MIL infringement of serviceability of functioning of elements of systems of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases can be also.

To lamp activation in a flashing mode results leaky closing of a cover of a jellied mouth of a fuel tank, and also the approach in the end of a stock of fuel, — check up density of closing of a cover, make sure that in a fuel tank there is a stock of fuel not less than 14 litres.

At operation of a control lamp in a continuous mode it is necessary to drive away the car on a car repair shop for check of a condition for check of serviceability of functioning of control systems by the engine / of decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases.

The typical reason of activation of a lamp in a flashing mode is revealing by the module of self-diagnostics of admissions of the ignition fraught with failure of components of systems of decrease of toxicity:

  • Continuing movement, try to move with a speed no more than 72 km/h;
  • Avoid sharp accelerations, try not to avoid moving on hilly district;
  • Whenever possible as much as possible unload the car / the trailer.

Ignoring of signals of control lamp MIL is fraught with serious damages of the engine, up to a unit exit out of operation. At operation of a control lamp on the move it is necessary to stop immediately movement, to park in a safe place and to muffle the engine, then, after small time, to make start, observing thus of behaviour of a control lamp. If the lamp has not returned to a normal mode of functioning and continues to burn, the car should be driven away on the nearest car repair shop for carrying out of detailed diagnostics and performance of necessary regenerative repair. Before elimination of malfunction of systems of the engine try to move with moderate speed, avoiding sharp dispersals with full squeezing of a pedal of gas.

Even if at engine restart the control lamp comes back in a normal mode (i.e., dies away), it is necessary to address at the first possibility for consultation on a car repair shop, especially if such inclusions of the indicator occur not for the first time.


Continuation of operation of the car with the included control lamp of a condition of the engine can lead to premature failure catalytic the converter. Remember that on refusals and the damages which have resulted operation of the car with the included control lamp, manufacturer guarantee certificates do not extend!


Control lamp of deenergizing of a mode of raising transfer

The control lamp serves for indication of switching-off of a mode of raising transfer by squeezing of the corresponding push-button switch.

The lamp lights up approximately for 2 seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, or right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

If after the stipulated term the control lamp continues to function in a flashing mode within even 8 seconds, the car should be driven away on a car repair shop for carrying out of detailed diagnostics of system and performance of necessary regenerative repair.

In control system АТ the mode of the emergency functioning is realised, allowing to continue movement even at damage of an electric chain, — transmission thus is automatically blocked on the third transfer. Features of driving of the car with automatic transmission see also.


Control lamp of a choice of a mode 4LO a distributing box

The given control lamp is built in a tachometre (the Scheme of an arrangement of elements of a combination of devices see an illustration), lights up approximately for 1 second at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, or right after realisation of start of the engine, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The lamp serves for indication of transfer of the switch 4WD in position 4LO (ignition should be included).

If at the chosen mode 4LO the control lamp passes in a flashing mode, it is necessary to stop movement, then slowly to get under way forward, — the blinking should stop (more in detail the Part operation Receptions) see.

At a switch finding in position between 4Н and 4LO it is necessary to stop, switch АТ in position N, then to translate the switch position 4Н or 4LO, — without performance of the given manipulations switch transfer is not obviously possible. Make sure of serviceability of operation of a control lamp while translating the switch 4WD in position 4LO.

At the moment of switching the control lamp can work in a flashing mode.


The light indicator of indexes of turn / of the alarm system

The indicator confirms the fact and serviceability of functioning of indexes of turns of a vehicle and works in a flashing mode with the frequency corresponding to frequency of a blinking of indexes. Doubling of frequency of a blinking of the indicator usually testifies about перегорании lamps of one of indexes of turns, — it is necessary to make replacement of the burnt down lamp at the first possibility not to create emergencies on roads.

The blinking of the given indicator usually accompanies also alarm system inclusion.


The light indicator of a repeated call of the Communication Center (the models equipped коммуникатором Infiniti)

The given light indicator lights up approximately for 30 seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The indicator confirms serviceability of activation of function of automatic repetition of a call of the Communication Center at unsuccessful attempt инициации connections.

The indicator can start to blink earlier than the control lamp which has been built in in the corresponding button of the block коммуникатора (Controls and the salon equipment see) is activated.


The light indicator of an exit from an operative range of a telecommunication network (the models equipped коммуникатором Infiniti)

The given light indicator lights up approximately for 30 seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The indicator serves for the alarm system about a finding of a radio telephone out of an operative range of a network and impossibility of an establishment of contact to the Communication Center (Controls and the salon equipment see).


The light indicator of inclusion of the distress signal Mayday (the models equipped коммуникатором Infiniti)

The given light indicator lights up approximately for 30 seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The control lamp of the indicator is built in the corresponding button коммуникатора and activated at distress signal giving. At the working indicator коммуникатор will make transfer attempts on the Communication Center of distress signals Mayday in the international code by all accessible channels of radio telephone communication (Controls and the salon equipment see).


The light indicator of inclusion of an information mode (the models equipped коммуникатором Infiniti)

The given light indicator lights up approximately for 30 seconds at inclusion of ignition and should go out after the specified term, confirming with that serviceability of functioning of a corresponding alarm chain.

The control lamp of the indicator is built in the corresponding button коммуникатора and activated at attempts of installation of the channel of data exchange with the Communication Center on all accessible channels of radio telephone communication (Controls and the salon equipment see).


Alarm buzzer Take a key from the ignition lock

The buzzer works during opening of a driver's door of the car at the key forgotten in the lock in the ignition lock.


Alarm buzzer do not forget to switch off a headlight

The buzzer works during opening of a driver's door at the switched off ignition and outstanding headlights.

The buzzer will work even if switching-off of headlights already has occurred automatically, — return the switch in position OFF.


Sound signal of deterioration brake колодок

At limiting deterioration of a frictional material колодок disk brake mechanisms they start to publish high-frequency squeal during car movement (without dependence from that, braking is applied or not). At the first possibility make replacement колодок.


On page back
2.3.1. The panel of devices - the general information
On the following page
2.3.3. The display of a conclusion of compass readings and the gauge of temperature of external air